Interviewed at the polling stations, Anchorage voters said they felt caught between two Alaskan icons — fishing and mining.

“I thought it was excessive on both sides. It seemed like a big screaming match,” said Seth Miraglia, a Bristol Bay gillnet fisherman from Anchorage.

He said he voted “Yes,” hoping to block Pebble, which he sees as a threat to his future income.

Anne Young said she grew up commercial fishing. Even though she isn’t thrilled about Pebble, she voted against Measure 4.

“It’s kind of overdoing it because we already have laws in place to regulate mining,” she said. “I’m hoping I’m not making a mistake.”

“Clean water? Jobs? Tell me what it really says,” said Charles Pilch, who voted at Mears Middle School.

Once he got in the booth and read the actual text, he decided to vote no.

The fight over Measure 4 turned into one of the most expensive political battles in state history.

Pebble foes, including Anchorage millionaire Bob Gillam and the Americans for Job Security — a secretive, Republican-oriented group in Virginia that doesn’t identify its members — contributed nearly $3 million to back Measure 4. (what pro-environment Republicans?)

Gillam disclosed giving $570,000. The Americans for Job Security disclosed giving $1.2 million to the “Yes” campaign, but it also funded “issue” ads in the form of mailers and radio spots. The cost of those ads was not disclosed.

The state’s mining industry and its supporters raised nearly $8 million to fight Measure 4. A large portion of that money came from the companies seeking to develop Pebble.